Blue Pearl Of Mediterranean

In this blog, you can find information about the history, touristic places, geography, some statistical information and many other topics you are curious about in Kaş, which is one of the most charming and popular districts of Antalya, a world-famous tourism city. Let's start with some information about Kas history dating back to ancient times.


The first known name of Kaş has been accepted as "Habesos" according to the sources and the history of the city goes back to 2000s BC. The region, which forms a connection point between Caria and Lycia, became one of the most important trade centers of the period. Once under the rule of Alexander the Great, the city later came under Roman and Byzantine rule, where it would experience its heyday.

In our opinion, the first place on the list for Kaş's most famous historical places is the Sunken City. If you want to see the Sunken City on site, you can choose Xanthos Travel walking tours and boat trips . Yes, the city may have sunk, but it has left an impressive submerged region, and watching this magnificent view on boat tours to this region is truly a fascinating experience. Of course, the historical spots in Kas are not just that, but many other ancient stops such as Xanthos, Antiphellos, Myra, Phellos are waiting for you in the region.

The name Habesos, evidenced by archaeological findings, is the oldest name of the ancient city. The ancient city was called Antiphellos in history. Antiphellos, located at the intersection point of the roads providing the connection between Caria and Lycia Regions, is also a commercial port.


Kaş villages, located on the foothills of the Taurus mountains, were established in mountainous and forested regions due to their surface shape. In addition to the coastal area of Kas, it has a wide mountainous and rural hinterland with many village settlements. There are villages and plateaus suitable for agriculture such as Gömbe Plateau and Kasaba plain in the Toros mountains that start just north of the district. Kalkan district in the west provides a livelihood with its developing tourism and greenhouse and olive cultivation in Yeşilköy, Ova and Kınık districts. In the plateau, fruits such as apples and pomegranates are grown.

Ancient structures in Kaş Zone

It is possible to reach many points in the region with Xanthos Travel jeep safari, boat, trekking and sea kayaking tours accompanied by guides and witness the history.

  • Antiphellos Ancient City
  • Among the most important surviving structures is the ancient theater. The building is considered to be one of the most beautiful examples of the Hellenistic theater type unearthed in our country. It was built at the foot of the slope and overlooks a magnificent sea view. The theater has no stage. There are ancient tombs with reliefs of four women, thought to date back to the 4th century BC. In addition, the Gothic style and the tombs with Lycian inscriptions on them are very interesting.

  • Tomb of the King
  • The tomb is also known as the "Lion Tomb". On either side of the caps, there are two lion heads resting on their paws. There are descriptive reliefs in two parts of the sarcophagus, which has four plates on it, while in the other two parts there is a Lycian inscription 1.5 meters high from where there is information about who will be given the burial right.

  • Myra Ancient City and Rock Tombs
  • Myra, which is located in the town of Demre in Kas and has an important place for the historical places of Antalya, has a magnificent appearance, although it dominates the region due to its location. The steep and steep rocks will make you admire the history of humanity that lived in the past with its tombs carved into them.

  • Xanthos Ancient City
  • It is a capital, which is the religious and administrative center of Lycia. It was included in the World Cultural Heritage List by UNESCO in 1988. The oldest date that can be reached about the city is the 8th century. Realizing that they could not win the war after the Persians besieged the city and known for their honorable character, the army of Xanthos killed all the women and children in the city and then fought in such a way that not a single person was left. Kent, III. It became the capital of Lycia after it was conquered by Antiochus.

  • Phellos Ancient City
  • Phellos has one of the most important ports for Mediterranean shipping. After the collapse of the Byzantine State, it gained more strategic and economic importance. Since the city is surrounded by rocks, it was also known as the "Stony Country". The ruins of the castle that reached today indicate that the city was built for defense purposes.

    Sources: | Vikipedi

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    Some Of Your Precious Opinions And Suggestions

    "Fabulous and exhilarating kayaking the Kekova sunken city."

    "Timely pickup from where we were staying. Speedy transfer to kakova Harbour early on so we beat all the tourist boats. Great, knowledgeable guide with great English. the views were amazing and great value for money with lunch included. Back by home by about 4 pm so not too long of a day."

    "Great day out on a boat exploring Kekova."

    "We had a great day out on a boat exploring Kekova (which we'd booked with Xanthos Travel in Kas). We were picked up from our villa and driven down to the port at Kekova to board the boat. We had a fantastic guide - Baran - who explained how the day would pan out and throughout the day gave us a wonderful insight into the sunken city and history of the area. The boat was very comfortable and all of the crew were helpful. We were treated to a delicious lunch and snacks throughout the day, and loved the moment when the goats reaped the benefits of the leftovers! I would definitely recommend booking with these guys. They do lots of other fantastic trips in the area too."

    "Jeep tour in the Kaş nature."

    "My friend and I decided to join Xanthos for a jeep tour so we could visit some amazing places that otherwise we couldn't see. We were on the jeep with other 10 people and all the security rules have always been respected from the participants and the staff. A person has always come with the group and has been super helpful and at the same time cheerful. This is a great choice made by the company! An example: in the canyon a member of the group slipped and felt down. The Xanthos's guy immediately helped and checked her. Likely she didn't have any serious issues, so he cheered up again the spirit. With them we also did rafting on a river (not dangerous but a fun experience) and visited some places that in the right time (less crowded) are beautiful and enjoyable! I highly recommend this tour because its organization, staff, food and the natural legs."


    "We went on a days kayak tour. The instructor was good with all of our levels, patient and ensured that we all had a lot of fun. He was also fluent in English and extremely informed about the local area and shared his knowledge with us all. We stopped to swim in beautiful places, ate a fantastic lunch, ate locally made ice cream and also kayaked across the sunken city. It really was a magical day which we will all remember and also great value for money. The organisation was excellent and we couldn't have been in better hands. Will definitely book again."

    "Fabulous and exhilarating kayaking the Kekova sunken city."

    "Timely pickup from where we were staying. Speedy transfer to kakova Harbour early on so we beat all the tourist boats. Great, knowledgeable guide with great English. the views were amazing and great value for money with lunch included. Back by home by about 4 pm so not too long of a day."

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